CENSIS Cooperation Project on the

Extension of the Open Skies Treaty as a Contribution to European Security
Political Perspectives and Technical Options

supported by the Volkswagen-Foundation, Hannover, FRG.


Johann Bienlein
Hartwig Spitzer
Rafael Wiemker

-> Project-Flyer (postscript)
-> Brief on the Open Skies Treaty

In this project we study the problems and options related to an extension of the Open Skies Treaty. The questions of additional membership, enhanced fields of application and inclusion of multispectral sensors are to be analyzed from a political, legal and technical point of view. Particular emphasis is put on the potential of multispectral sensors and image processing to military transparency and environmental monitoring.

The investigation is carried out by a cooperation of Prof. Dr. Pál Dunay, Budapest (international law and foreign relations), and the remote sensing group of the Center for Science and International Security in the University of Hamburg ( CENSIS ). The contribution of CENSIS focuses on the acquisition and analysis of multispectral aerial imagery for arms control verification and environmental monitoring.

In particular the following items will be addressed:

Publications related to Open Skies:


For more publications see the research group for

"Physical aspects of multispectral remote sensing"

Two of the authors (R. Wiemker, left, and H. Spitzer, right) during the American Open Skies test flight in Hungary, Tököl airfield near Budapest, October 1996.

Center for Science and International Security
at the University of Hamburg

Science has become both a tool and a driving force of the worldwide technology race. This race has a growing impact on the global military and environmental security. In 1988 scientists from different branches of the University of Hamburg -- mathematics, physics, computer science and chemistry -- have formed a working group on these issues. It is the objective of the group to perform research, to initiate teaching programs and to provide public information.

Teaching projects include regular seminars on international security and remote sensing. The group cooperates locally with the department of political sciences, the Hamburg Peace Research Institute (IFSH) as well as the commission on technology assessment of the University of Hamburg. Funding has been provided by the Volkswagen-Foundation. The group welcomes international cooperation.

Last update June 1997 by Rafael Wiemker